Chapter 6: Scholarship, Research, and Libraries

6.1 Scholarship Expectations for Faculty

Scholarship is one of the primary areas of emphasis of Emory University and all faculty are expected to demonstrate some accomplishment in scholarly endeavors. Scholarship refers to development and dissemination of new knowledge or of new insights into existing knowledge; inquiry undertaken that establishes facts, develops principles, or illuminates or answers questions within an area of intellectual pursuit through the systematic collection of evidence that can be subjected to replication, verification, or critical evaluation by persons other than the original researcher; accretion of knowledge using laboratory, clinical, or other research tools; original works; innovative conceptualizations or novel solutions to problems; research on and application of new concepts in education; performances; and competent mastery of one or more of the academic disciplines resulting from continued systematic study.

Scholarly products such as publications in refereed journals, book publications, research funding awards, and performing and visual arts products are the primary evidence of scholarship. Regardless of its form, the faculty member's scholarship should provide promise of contribution to enhancing the "common good" and of continued creativity. All members of the faculty are expected to conduct their scholarly research and publish the findings of that research consistent with the highest standards of ethical conduct, truth, and accuracy and with an emphasis on quality.

6.2 Research at Emory

Emory is one of the nation's leading research universities. Faculty, students, and staff pursue research with imagination, diligence, and energy in Emory's nine schools and colleges; at research centers and institutes based on campus; and through interdisciplinary programs, partnerships, and affiliations. This enterprising network is supported by administrative offices that manage related issues such as safety, compliance, technology, and grants and finance.

Over the last few decades, Emory has shown dramatic growth in research funding and associated scholarly products such as publications and innovation, income from patents and licenses, the establishment of research centers of excellence, and the number of startup companies. Many external and internal factors have contributed to Emory's substantial growth. The university has benefited greatly from a consistent emphasis on the arts and sciences, strength and vitality of all the professional schools, and interdisciplinary scholarship.

6.3 Research Administration

The Office of Research Administration (ORA) supports the research enterprise at Emory, from the beginning to completion. Its goals are to foster an atmosphere where wonder and curiosity are richly rewarded with investigative support. The ORA understands that the nature of research changes continuously, with more interdisciplinary cooperation and a more complex set of laws and administrative procedures. From the inception of an idea to its expression and culmination, the ORA provides a bridge that spans pre-award to post-award needs. Within ORA are several administrative units:

6.3.A Office of Sponsored Programs (OSP)

The OSP collaborates with the Emory community to identify, obtain and administer extramural funding in support of the mission of the university. OSP processes proposals, aids in award administration, facilitates the completion of project requirements related to reporting and continuation funding, and facilitates project closeout. OSP helps faculty members identify funding opportunities and develop proposals. OSP subscribes to two nation-wide funding opportunities databases: (1) IRIS and (2) COS Funding Opportunities. Links to both of these databases are available for the use of the Emory research community. These databases help faculty find external funding sources. In addition, OSP maintains a list of Emory University internal funding sources for research and teaching projects.

OSP Website

6.3.B Conflict of Interest Office

Emory University's university-wide central Conflict of Interest in Research Office in the Office of Research Administration oversees administration and enforcement of policies and regulations on conflict of interest in research. The website includes links to frequently asked questions, policies, and forms. Note that all investigators involved with sponsored research must disclose any significant financial interests.

Under school and university policies, some schools, such as the School of Medicine, have offices that oversee faculty arrangements with external entities, such as the biomedical industry and other academic institutions, and coordinate with the COI-Research Office when appropriate. The Emory Healthcare Compliance Office oversees conflicts of interest in clinical practice and operations and also coordinates with the COI-Research Office when appropriate. Faculty may consult with the deans and directors of the schools and colleges and Emory Healthcare or visit their websites for more information. More information on the policies and offices that oversee conflicts of interest in areas other than research is provided in Part D, Policies below.

COI Website

6.3.C Office of Research Compliance (ORC)

ORC assists researchers by providing regulatory education, guidance, policy development and implementation, and a range of other areas of support. The office was created to ensure that Emory University complies with the various federal, state, and local regulations impacting research. Information provided via the website includes animal research, certificates of confidentiality, clinical trials, compliance committees, export controls, forms, HIPAA and research, human research, research guidelines, and training and education.

ORC Website

6.3.D Office of Technology Transfer (OTT)

The OTT is charged with the duty to protect and transfer the intellectual property of Emory University through commercialization providing benefit to the university and society. This office provides multiple services to the university community to help navigate the increasingly complex arenas surrounding intellectual property rights, entrepreneurial endeavors, and business finance. The website provides more information for faculty who wish to disclose a discovery, discuss patenting and other intellectual property issues, form a company, or engage in other similar activities.

OTT Website

6.3.E Office of Grants and Contracts (OGCA)

OGCA provides post-award support and guidance to faculty and staff for all sponsored programs activities. Extensive information is available at the website. It provides central oversight for the post-award fiscal activities of all sponsored projects; maintains the labor and effort reporting systems for the entire university (not just sponsored programs); maintains the university property management system; and develops, analyzes, and negotiates institutional rate agreements including the federal indirect cost rate agreement and the fringe benefit rate agreement.

OGCA Website

6.3.F Institutional Review Board (IRB)

The Emory IRB is a research oversight committee charged with assuring, both in advance and by periodic review that appropriate steps are taken to protect the rights and welfare of humans participating as subjects in approved research studies. The website provides information on IRB policies and procedures, forms and tools, education and outreach for Collaborative IRB Training Initiative (CITI) training information, and the eIRB portal. The website contains extensive policies and information for faculty and students engaging in human subject research.

IRB Website

6.3.G Office for Clinical Research (OCR)

The Office for Clinical Research ensures leadership and cutting edge clinical research investigations that yield improved patient care outcomes. The OCR is charged with the mission of organizing and enhancing operational processes that support the efforts of the clinical research team and to facilitate the timely initiation, execution, management, and completion of clinical trials at Emory, all in compliance with federal, state, and Emory laws, regulations, and policies.

OCR Website

6.3.H Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)

The Emory IACUC is a research oversight committee charged with the responsibility of ensuring the proper care, use, and humane treatment of animals used in outreach, testing, and education. The IACUC also provides assistance to investigators in fulfilling their obligation to plan and conduct animal experiments in accord with the highest scientific, humane, and ethical principles. Extensive information about necessary processes and rules are available on the website. Emory University has a Position Statement on the Care and Use of Animals in Research that guides the work of this committee and all animal research conducted at the institution.

IACUC Website

6.3.I Division of Animal Resources (DAR)

The Division of Animal Resources is the administrative unit of the university that is responsible for programs of animal care (except at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center) and for consultation on the use of laboratory animals in research.

DAR Website

6.3.J Environmental Health and Safety Office (EHSO)

EHSO's mission is to provide and support comprehensive environmental, health, and safety programs and services in support of the university's mission to create, preserve, teach, and apply knowledge in the service of humanity. Its programs function across the entire Emory system, including the Emory campuses, university hospitals, clinics, and other university satellite facilities. EHSO programs provide support to the Emory community and include:

  • Research/Biological Safety, which is responsible for regulatory compliance regarding laboratory safety. The services of this office include review of protocols using biological toxins, recombinant DNA, or human tissues; blood borne pathogen and lab safety training to identified personnel; and lab inspections.
  • Environmental Compliance, which assists with issues related to environmental compliance with federal, state, and local environmental regulations; and also provides support services related to laboratory and Campus Services operations.
  • Safety/Industrial Hygiene, which develops and implements occupational safety and health programs. This is accomplished through risk assessment, job hazard analysis, and trending accidents and injuries.
  • Radiation Safety, which serves a dual role within the university, first in helping to help minimize occupationally related exposures to radiation, and second in ensuring that all radioactive materials used are in compliance with the rules and regulations of Georgia DNR, FDA, and EPA and that machine-produced radiation use is consistent with regulations of the Georgia DHR and FDA.
EHSO Website

6.3.K Investigational Drug Service (IDS)

The Emory Investigational Drug Service (IDS) serves Emory principal investigators who conduct human subject research at Emory locations (such as the Emory University Hospital, The Emory Clinic, Wesley Woods Center, the Hope Clinic, the Woodruff Memorial Research Building, Emory Midtown Hospital and Medical Office Tower, and Emory Orthopaedics and Spine Center) and through Memoranda of Understanding at affiliated clinical sites (such as the Atlanta VA Medical Center, Grady Health System, and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta). It oversees and audits services provided by pharmacy staff in providing and managing the use of investigational drugs in human subject research.

IDS Website

6.4 Libraries

Emory University offers faculty and students a variety of research opportunities through the library system. The library system functions under the direction of the university librarian to fulfill the mission: To develop distinctive collections, services, staff and facilities to preserve our intellectual heritage and advance the discovery and transmission of knowledge for students and scholars of today and tomorrow. The library website provides information about all the service and research resources. Specific libraries include:

  • Main (Robert W. Woodruff) supports all university programs with an emphasis on the arts and sciences. It houses print and electronic manuscripts and journals, collaboration and study spaces, computing resources, and the Emory Center for Digital Scholarship (ECDS). A reading room in the Mathematics and Science Center building provides access to departmental resources.
  • Business connects the Goizueta Business School with information skills and resources to succeed in the global marketplace.
  • Science Commons provides access to print and electronic resources in the field of chemistry.
  • Health Sciences supports the education, research, and patient care processes for all the major components of the WHSC and the biological/life sciences.
  • Law provides a strong collection and expert guidance for researchers in law and related disciplines.
  • Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library (MARBL) holds over 200,000 printed volumes, over 1,200 manuscript collections, photographs, motion picture film, audio recordings, and other visual media. Here students, scholars, and other visitors can browse rare books, read original letters and manuscripts, and listen to rare recordings.
  • Music and Media provides music, sound recording, and film collections, as well as listening and viewing facilities.
  • Oxford College supports the liberal arts intensive education provided to Oxford College students during their first two years at Emory University.
  • Theology includes archives, rare books, and IT support for Candler. The Pitts Theology Library Special Collections houses unique archives and manuscript collections related to Methodism in the South, the history of Christianity in South Africa, British religious history, and hymnody.

Additional Library Services

Our libraries also provide an array of other services. These include: online, searchable databases with information on full article citations, full-text articles, and references resources such as encyclopedias; support of the EndNote reference manager; and eJournals at Emory. Through interlibrary loan (ILL), members of the university community can access research materials not available in the Emory University libraries. Reserves Direct allows faculty to reserve course specific materials to be accessed by students electronically.